Largest Castles in the World You Must Visit
When we think of a castle, thoughts of thick walls, hilltop setting, big walls, and fairytales fortifies our mind. Different castles across the world have become popular tourist attractions. They not only allow you to explore the best artworks and royalty but also provide a great knowledge of the royal past associated with them. Here is an article about the largest castles in the world.
Largest Castles in the World
Most castles were constructed during the Middle Ages as fortified cities and residences. They cover a huge area because of their fortifications, walls, and moats.
People often get confused between “castle” and “palace”; however, both are different. Though both were used as grand royal residences, the fortifications in the castles make them different.
Malbork Castle, Poland
Also known as the Castle of the Teutonic Order, it is one of the largest castles in the world by land area. It is one of the biggest brick buildings present in Europe. The fort occupies an area of 143,591 square meters. It is situated on the bank of the Nogat River.
Malbork Castle was constructed in the 13th century, and it served as the headquarters for the Teutonic Knights for around 150 years. Marienburg includes three stages in which the central bastion is known as the High Castle. It is followed by the Middle Castle and Lower Castle.
The Polish Army captured the castle in 1457 during the 13 Year War. After this, the castle served as a residence for the Polish Kings.
After the Swedish invasion, the castle started declining. The government took the castle under its control in the 19th century. The restorations of the castles were carried out to restore its past glory. At the present time, it is an amazing tourist attraction. It is one of the best places to visit in Europe.
Mehrangarh Fort, India
It is an impregnable fort located in Jodhpur. Though it is called a fort, it can be considered a castle. It is spread in the area of 81,227 square meters and is situated at a height of 122 square meters. Moreover, it has a meter wide and 36 meter high walls.
Mehrangarh fort was built in 1459 by Rao Jodah, who was the founder of Jodhpur.
The Jodhpur royal family still owns and runs the fort. It is one of the most beautiful palaces in Rajasthan. The entrance of the fort includes a series of seven gates. The fort is a beautiful piece of art, burnished with red sandstone. At the present time, it is one of the best forts in India.
Windsor Castle, England
It is one of the largest inhabited castles in the world. Windsor castle is one of the official residences of the Queen of England. It is spread across an area of 54,835 square meters. The castle includes three parts: Lower, Middle, and Upper. You can take a free guided tour of the castle and familiarize yourself with the layout.
The castle was completed in 1080, and in 1170 it was built in a stone structure. Over the centuries, various monarchs added a unique touch to the castle. At the present time, it is used as both private and state property.
Prague Castle, Czech Republic
It is one of the largest castles in the world. The castle is included in the Guinness Book of Records in terms of land areas. It is spread in an area of 66,761 square meters and is located at the bank of the Vltava river.
The castle was constructed in the 9th century and was expanded various times until the 18th century. Ever since its openings, it was the official residence of the head of the state. At the present time, the castle represents different architectural styles of the former millennium. In this historic building, there are galleries and museums. Moreover, the most prized possessions of the country are also present here.
Hohensalzburg Castle, Australia
This iconic castle of Salzburg is a perfect piece of great artwork. It is located at the Festungsberg hill and is spread across an area of 54,523 square meters. Over the centuries, this great fortress underwent bigger expansions.
The castle was constructed in 1077 and one of the best-preserved castles in Europe. It was enlarged between 1495 and 1519 and then refurbished in the late 19th century, which transformed the castle into an amazing tourist attraction. You can enjoy the immense beauty of the caste with a concert at the fortress and a dinner.
Buda Castle, Hungary
Buda Castle is a massive castle located on Castle Hill in Budapest. The best way to explore the beautiful structure is to take a tour of the streets of this castle. The current structure of the castle was built in 1356. After four decades, it was transformed into the grandest castle in Europe at that time. When the Turks took Hungary, the palace was abandoned, which led it to ruin.
The Buda Castle is spread across 44,674 square meters. At the present time, the castle is a perfect mixture of different architectural styles, including Gothic and Baroque.
Spis Castle, Slovakia
Spis Castle is another one of the biggest castles in the world. A stone wall fortified the main body of the castle in the 13th century for protecting the Hungarian Kings. The castle is located in the countryside and is popularly used in many films. Moreover, it was also the main center of the Kingdom of Hungary.
The castle was passed down to different powerful families. Finally, in 1945, it was passed to the state of Czechoslovakia. At the present time, it is one of the best places to visit in Slovakia.
Edinburgh Castle, Scotland
Your visit to Edinburgh would be incomplete without visiting this castle. It is situated at the top of Castle Rock, which is the plug of an extinct volcano. It is spread across an area of 35,737 square meters.
Over the centuries, Edinburgh Castle underwent several attacks and expansions. At the present time, it is one of the most visited places in the United Kingdom. Moreover, it is the oldest surviving building present in Edinburgh.
Citadel of Aleppo, Syria
The Citadel of Aleppo is one of the largest, as well as the oldest castles in the world. It is located on a 50-meter high hill and covers an area of 39,804 square meters. The usages of this castle date back to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. The castle is
It was occupied by different civilizations, including the Byzantines, Greeks, Mamluks, and Ayyubids. The majority of construction in this castle dates from the 13th century. The present structure is an outcome of continuous changes and renovations by different rulers over the centuries.
Himeji Castle, Japan
This huge castle includes eighty-three buildings and covers an area of 265 acres. It is not only a treasure of Japan but is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Himeji Castle is one of the biggest samurai fortifications. Moreover, it is a perfect example of typical Japanese castle architecture. No one attacked this castle, and it even survived the Meiji Period. This period caused the destruction of many palaces in Japan. It has even escaped the ravages of bombings, earthquakes, and civil bar.
The above mentioned largest castle in the world are the best examples of artwork and royalty. If you love exploring different castles, make sure to visit these huge castles. Do share your experience with us by dropping a comment.